Coffee has been drank since ages ago as a unique beverage. Coffee can be made into many variants of beverages. For a coffee drinker Cappuccino and Macchiato must be very familiar to you. Both of them are very popular and served in various establishments. You can practically found them almost in every coffee shop near your place. Aside from its delicious taste the caffeine in coffee also makes us feels awake and more refresh. In our previous article we talk about Cafe Latte and Cappuccino, today we will talk about Cappuccino and Macchiato.
In this article we will give you information about:
1. What is Cappuccino and Where the Drink Came From
2. How to make a Delicious Cappuccino
3. What is Macchiato and how it looks like
4. How to make a good Macchiato
Cappuccino defined by Wikipedia, is a coffee drink originated from Italy. Cappuccino can be prepared with a single espresso and double espresso combined with steamed milk foam. Other variants of Cappuccino is prepared involving the use of cream instead of milk, some other variants also add flavoring such as cinnamon or chocolate powder. Cappuccino is served in a typically smaller cup than caffe latte with a thicker layer of foam. The name Cappuccino might came from the Capuchin friars, it is said that the look when milk is being poured into the black coffee is similar to the color of the Capuchin habits. The physical appearance of Cappuccino we know today the result of the drink long evolution.
Cappuccino we know today can be made with single shot or double shots of espresso and hot milk. Cappuccino is combined with hot milk and at the top a thick milk foam is formed. When making Cappuccino, the single or double espresso is poured first into the cup, after that the same amount of steamed milk then added, the steamed milk used in making Cappuccino is prepared by heating and texturing the milk using the espresso machine steam wand. Then at the top third of the drink is filled with milk foam, this foam can be decorated with many various drawings and shapes made with the same milk, this method is called latte art.
When making modern Cappuccino, here is the way to make the perfect Cappuccino using a Cappuccino machine. First, pour cold milk into a metal steaming pitcher, about a third full. Release the steam from steam wand for 2 seconds. Dip the steaming wand in the milk and start the jet. When the foam rises, lower the pitcher and do not mix unnecessarily. Continue to steam until it reaches 65 degrees. Pour the foamed milk into the espresso carefully, start from the center then continue in a circular motion out towards the rim.
Aside from the modern latte art in Cappuccino serving. Cappuccino art was already exist for quite some times. This traditional Cappuccino art is served with a cap of milk foam. The traditional Cappuccino was prepared using 1/3 espresso, 1/3 steamed milk, and 1/3 milk foam. The next process is the same when making regular Cappuccino. Traditional Cappuccino is served in smaller cups and textured milk is gently poured in and finish with a pattern in the surface crema.
About Cafe Macchiato
Café Macchiato is also called Espresso Macchiato. This drink consist an espresso drink with a small amount of milk, which is usually foamed. The word Macchiato means “stained” or “spotted” in Italian, so the literal translation means “stained coffee” or “coffee with a spot of milk”. This naming was originated from the baristas needs to show the serving waiters the difference between an espresso and espresso with a tiny bit of milk in it. Café Macchiato is differs by giving it a mark. In Portuguese Café Macchiato is called café pingando, which means coffee with a drop. While in Mexico Macchiato is called cortado.
Macchiato is prepared with the highest ratio of espresso to milk than any other espresso based drink. The intention of the drink is to keep the milk moderate rather than overwhelming the taste of coffee while adding a subtle sweetness. One serving of Café Macchiato only required 5-10 g of milk heated in 60-66°C. Café Macchiato has foam similar to Cappuccino, foam is created by technically steaming the milk to create a gentle whipped air on it. Foam which you see often on top of your coffee has micro foam in it, it is very small so you can hardly see them. This foam taste smooth and has a velvety texture. There is also dry foam which consist of many large bubbles that create a less smooth texture and more volume to cover the coffee.
Cappuccino vs Macchiato
|- Made with espresso, steamed milk, and top with milk foam||- Made with espresso and steamed milk|
|- Use more milk||- Use lesser milk|
|- Can be made without machine||- Taste stronger rather than sweet|
Both of Cappuccino and Macchiato are two types of espresso based drinks. Cappuccino and Macchiato is made with espresso added with heated milk. Not only that both Cappuccino and Macchiato also have similar look, the easiest way to differentiate them is by drinking it, so you can distinguish which one has the sweet milky texture and which one have the stronger coffee taste. But don’t worry, there is another way to distinguish both of this drink. The other way is to see the amount of foam, if your drink have thick foam then it is most likely a Cappuccino, but if your drink have thinner foam, then it is most likely a Café Macchiato.