Tea is the second most popular beverages consumed by people right after water. A lot of people enjoy tea not only because it taste good but also their beneficial properties. Tea is known for its high polyphenols content, polyphenol itself have been reported to possess antioxidant, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory activities, modulate detoxification enzymes, stimulate immune function and decrease platelet aggregation. The most common type of tea consumed today are green tea, white tea, oolong tea, black tea, and fermented tea. Green tea and white tea are currently popular among tea drinker due to health benefit from consuming them.
All kind of tea that we have known until now are comes from the same plant, which is Camellia sinensis. Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree whose leaf and leaf buds are used to produce tea. It is comes from the genus Camellia of flowering plants in the family Theaceae. Nowadays there are hundreds of kinds of teas with their own individual taste, appearance, and aroma. Just as the same as wine and coffee, every harvest of tea will vary from year to year due to changes in climate, rainfall, and other seasonal condition. Thus, tea from the same garden may taste different from one period to another. Aside from that, the method to cultivate the tea plant may also affect it taste, appearance and aroma.
White tea is made from the leaves that harvested before the tea plants leaves open fully, or when the young buds are still covered by fine white hairs. This will give a fresh and delicate flavor and snowy/silver colored when brewed, hence it is named white tea. White tea is mainly produced in the Jianyang, Fuding and Songxi counties in Fujian Province.
The most popular types of white tea are White Peony and Silver Needle. White peony is made from the first and second tips of a tea stem, it is known that the first and second tip of the tea stem has the best quality, when brewed the buds will bloom and make it look like the first flower in springtime. The other type is Silver Needle, this type of white tea is most expensive one, it is made only from the single tips of the tea stem which when dried it will look like a silver needle. The brewed tea has a light yellow color and a refreshing taste and aroma. White tea is rich in antioxidants, it contains a type of polyphenols called catechin. Polyphenols are plant based molecules that act as an antioxidants inside the body. Antioxidants is needed to protect our body from free radicals. When preparing white tea it is recommended to follow the instruction which come from the package. Use about 2 grams of the tea and brew it in an 8 oz. cup of water. Use a spring cold water and close the lid when brewing white tea, some high quality type of white can be brewed more than one time.
Green tea is made from tea leaves which are not undergone the same withering and oxidation process used to make black tea and oolong tea. Just like white tea, green tea comes from the same species as oolong and black tea. In the making process the harvested green tea leaves quickly heated by pan frying or steaming and then dried to prevent too much oxidation from occurring that would turn green leaves brown and alter their fresh picked flavor. Brewed green tea has a green, yellow or light brown color, and it has a taste range from grass-like and toasted if pan fried to vegetal, sweet and seaweed-like if steamed.
There are different types of tea and it may taste different one another. What makes it different is where the plant was cultivated. The most popular and widely consumed types of green teas are the types which comes from Japan and China. Green tea from China and Japan have different flavor profiles based on where and how they grown, but most of them are affected by way they were pan-fried in China and steamed in Japan. When brewing green tea, use cold spring water for best result, do not steep it for too long because the water will become too bitter, the ideal time is 30 to 60 seconds. Use for about 2 grams of the tea in an 8 oz. cup of water and cover the lid when brewing. Just like white tea, green tea is loaded with antioxidant which can help our body against the free radical, green tea also can boost metabolism and burns fat faster.
|White Tea||Green Tea|
|- White tea comes from young leaves and buds||- Green tea is produced from leaves that have not withered or oxidized|
|- White tea is the least processed of all teas, and has a sweeter, milder flavor than green tea||- Green tea intake can reduce your risk of heart disease as well as have benefits in the fight against both Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease|
|- White tea contains less caffeine than green tea||- Green tea also an extremely healthy addition to the diet|
White Tea and Green Tea have the same health benefit if consumed moderately. Tea as we know does contain caffeine, it may not as high as coffee but caffeine in tea may range from 14 to 60 mg per cup. This caffeine may cause nervousness, insomnia and stomach problem. The recommended daily intake for white tea and green tea is about 3 to 4 cups per day.